Diabetes is a very serious disease that affects multiple body systems, including your vision. These complications occur if you don't have your disease under control. High blood sugar over time leads to several potential diabetic diseases. Fortunately, Dr. Greg Wacasey, our Longview optometrist, can create a treatment plan to preserve your vision. There are several diabetic eye diseases that our optometrist will watch out for.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the blood vessels in your retina become damaged. If they are weakened or begin to bulge, they can leak into the retina. This disease also causes new blood vessels to form. These issues can cause serious vision problems. Fortunately, there are eye care options that can slow the progression of the disease, preserving your vision for as long as possible.
Diabetic Macular Edema
This condition often occurs if you already have diabetic retinopathy. The macula is the part of your retina that allows you to see straight ahead when you are reading, driving, or looking at people's faces. Uncontrolled diabetes can cause swelling of the macula. If left unaddressed, this condition can lead to permanent vision loss.
Glaucoma occurs when the eye's drainage system is not working properly, and the fluid in the eye cannot drain. When this happens, it causes the pressure in your eyes to rapidly increase, damaging the optic nerve. This can cause you to lose your peripheral vision. Uncontrolled diabetes doubles your chances of developing glaucoma.
Cataracts occur when the lens of your eye becomes cloudy. Many people with cataracts compare their vision to looking through a dirty window. Surgery is sometimes necessary to treat cataracts. Our eye doctor can remove your natural lens and replace it with an artificial lens known as an intraocular lens.
Patients with diabetes are prone to developing cataracts much earlier than patients who do not have diabetes. It is believed that high glucose levels cause deposits to build upon the lens of the eye.
Optometrist in Longview
Regular eye exams are especially important if you are diabetic. Dr. Greg Wacasey will evaluate your eyes regularly for any indication of diabetic eye disease. If we see any signs of diabetic eye disease, we will begin a treatment plan immediately to slow the progression of the disease. Neglecting these appointments will greatly increase your risk of partial or complete blindness. For more information on eye care or to schedule an appointment, call us at (903) 663-1550.